Ultrahigh temperature ceramics (UHTC) have performed unreliably due to material flaws and attachment design. These deficiencies are brought tot he fore by the low fracture tougness and thermal shock resistance of UHTC. In addition, poor oxidation resistance is a limitation on UHTC applicability to reusable launch vehicles. We have been addressing these deficiencies for the past two years via a small task at GRC that is in the Airframe part of the Next Generation Launch Technology Program. Our focus is on UHTC composite (UHTCC) constructions and functional grading to address the mechanical issues and on composition modification to address the oxidation issue. Processing, mechanical property, and oxidation resutls will be reported.